Samanya Vishesha Siddhanta principle is in existence since time eternal and universally applicable in any era beyond Ayurveda. It helps to understand the similarity and connectedness of humans and resident microbes and for planning a microbiome focused treatment. This principle is the root of Ayurveda. Just like a tree remains completely dependent on its root, Ayurveda remains dependent on its fundamental principles.
Ayurveda says a person having equilibrium of the Doshas, Dhatu, Agni and proper elimination of the wastes (Physical and Physiological health), proper functioning of the sense organs and pleasantness of the mind (Mental health) is considered healthy. WHO’s definition of health is also similar to Ayurvedic definition. Ayurveda mentions about Sahaja Krimi (beneficial, non-pathogenic microorganisms) residing in our body. Recent researches suggest that ‘Our Microbes’ (Microbial ecosystem in our body) strongly affects our physical, physiological and mental health. Human body harbours a huge microecosystem existing in a symbiotic relationship with our body (host). Our body provides warm, humid and nutritious environment to resident microbiota whereas resident microbiota produces antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory factors. Samanya Vishesha Siddhanta can be applied to improve homeostasis of our microbiome thus helping in prevention and treatment of diseases. Ayurveda therapies such as Snehapana, Vamana, Virechana, Basti act on the microbiota residing in Gastrointestinal System; Gandusha on Oral Cavity; Nasya on Nasal Cavity; Tarpana on Eyes, Karnapurana on Ears; Abhyanga on Skin; Uttarabasti / Yonipichu on Genital System.
Microbes are the first line of defense against colonization by opportunistic pathogens. It can affect host physiology and can be affected by host physiology. It is a known fact that microorganisms are present on surface tissues of all human beings such as skin, oral cavity, nasal cavity, eyes, ears, gastrointestinal tract and genital tract. These microorganisms are fundamental to our physiology, immunity and nutrition. Microbiota is like an ecological and immunological shield which protects our body from invasion of harmful pathogens. Symbiotic relationship is established between the microbial communities and host tissue through complex signals by innate and adaptive immune system.